Saturday, 30 May 2015

3. In the Making of the Nation

                                Secondary Resources (Industries)

  If we are able to create adequate infrastructure, provide power and rehabilitate all viable sick and closed units of the country, we can place this sector among the most prosperous and industrialised sectors in the world.
It may also call for a review of our labour laws for better harmony, productivity and quality of work as analysed below:
Most of us bask in the glory of our democracy and its generous “democratic rights”. It is like giving  undue liberty and laxity to a child by his parents without inculcating good traits in him. Such a child going astray is no surprise. Labour interpreted these rights as their freedom to indulge in unwarranted direct actions and expressing their grievances with a vengeance. But indiscipline and unethical rights cannot be democratic rights, and neither can it be their welfare. Indiscipline and arrogance are the virtues our labour embraced. To earn their support the political class not only ignored the wrongs they were doing, they also enacted wicked labour laws in favour of the labourer. Gradually we became a race with little mettle and more flab. Inefficiency, poor work culture, a callous attitude, and disregard for our duties and responsibilities became the fashion of the day.  
We should not forget that “duties” and “rights” go hand in hand.
                                  ”Duties” we sow and “rights” we reap!
Before liberalisation (1991), labour unions mushroomed and labour offices flourished. It was a free-for-all, unions, labour and labour offices. Lots of money would transact between the management, unions and the labour office, while only a little would reach the labourer. The illiterate labourer remained illiterate and poor. I can authentically say so because I was in my own industry and other businesses then. Post-liberalisation, the situation is somewhat improved due to the emphasis on mechanisation and automation and the need for skilled workers rather than unskilled. Also the employer has now adopted stricter scrutiny measures during recruitment.
No matter what, we cannot overlook the ghastly events at the Maruti establishments at Gurgaon and Manesar, created at regular intervals out of non-issues (2011-12). We now learn that Maruti and many corporate sector institutions have since introduced self-defence training for their staff.  
Growth of the secondary (industrial) sector is vital to build the economy of a nation. The well-being of this sector and social justice to workmen both are important while framing industrial policies. A show of social justice for workers at the cost of economy is not only meaningless; it also kills our own golden goose. No one likes to deny social justice to a workman nor is averse to his well-being but everything has its means and values. Industrial unrest, strikes, lockouts, slow down, tools down and abuse to management cannot mean welfare, and have surely dragged the country to our present wretchedness. Whatever be the causes of unrest, the law should not give liberty to strike work or affect productivity by any means. Productivity is the only hope that can bail us out from unemployment and poverty, and provide a healthy economic base. How can we kill our own horse or chop the branch on which we are sitting?
First and foremost is the welfare of the nation and its poor masses, which requires a clear vision and prudent policies. We cannot compromise on this nor dole out concessions that dilute this philosophy. We must make people work rather than stop them from working. Discipline and responsibility to one’s duty are the basic virtues to build a strong and prosperous society or a nation. Any philosophy preaching to the contrary is a farce. In our own interest, we must shun indiscipline and callousness and cultivate discipline and conscientiousness for our responsibilities and duties. Dear countrymen remember nothing comes the easy way; one has to work hard to achieve something; “work is worship”.
Democratic rights give us freedom of expression not destruction.
The next topic will be tertiary resources (Tourism and Services).
Thanks and Regards
K C Agrawal

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